How many languages and dialects are there in Spain?

  • How many languages and dialects are there in Spain?

    How many languages and dialects are there in Spain?

    How many languages and dialects are there in Spain?

    The official and dominant language of the country is Castilian or Spanish, but have you asked yourself at some point, how many languages and dialects are there in Spain?

    Although it is the predominant language in almost every autonomous community, six of them have, along with Castilian, other co-official languages:


    Catalonia Catalan
    Comunidad Valenciana Valencian (Catalan)
    Galicia Galician
    Basque Country Basque
    Balearic Islands Catalan
    Navarra Basque

    • Basque. It is the only language that does not keep a linguistic relationship or connection with another language.
    • Galician. A Romance language spoken in Galicia. Gallego is closely linked with Portuguese. Additionally, different varieties of Galician is spoke in Navia, Asturias, El Bierzo, Sanabris and Castilla y León.
    • Catalan. Romance language spoken in Catalonia, Valencia, Balearic Islands and the eastern part of Aragón. It is the second most spoken language in Spain after Castilian.



    What is a dialect?

    As well as the official language and the co-official languages, a large variety of. A dialect is a variation of the main language used locally or in reference to a determined geographic area.

    When we refer to the dialects spoken in Spain, we refer to Aragonese, Leonese, Asturian, Andalusian, Canarian, Extremeduran, Murcian, Romani and those that come from Arabic among others:

    • Aragonese. Romance language spoken in various area of Aragón.
    • Leonese. Romance language spoken in the provinces of Salamanca, Zamora, León, Palencia and Valladolid.
    • Asturian. A language derived from Latin spoken in the Principality of Asturias, generally spoken in rural areas.
    • Andalusian. Language spoken in Andalusia, Ceuta and Melilla. It has common characteristics with linguistic varieties used in Extremadura, Castilla-La Mancha and Murcia.
    • Canarian. Language spoken in the Canary Islands with Portuguese influences.
    • Extremeduran. Vernacular linguistic variety spoken in Extremadura and Salamanca. Although it is not an official language, it is classified among the languages of Spain by international and national organisations
    • Murcian. Linguistic variety spoken in the region of Murcia. It has similarities with Andalusian, Aragonese and Alicante Valencian.
    • Romani Linguist variety spoken by Roma people with no fixed territorial distribution.


    dialects in Spain



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